Brno by population and area is the second largest city in the Czech Republic, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia. Brno is the administrative centre of the South Moravian Region where it forms a separate district Brno-City District. The city lies at the confluence of the Svitava and Svratka rivers and has over 400 thousand residents; its greater metropolitan area is regularly home to more than 800 thousand people while its larger urban zone had population about 730 thousand in 2004.
Brno is not well discovered by tourists and you have therefore an opportunity to see a real life in the Czech Republic without crowds of tourists and overpriced services as it is usual in Prague. The most important sights of the city include the castle and fortress Spilberk and the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul on Petrov hill, these two formerly medieval buildings form the characteristic cityscape and are often depicted as its traditional symbols. The other large and preserved castle in the city is Veveri Castle near the Brno Dam Lake; this castle is a subject for a couple of legends like a number of other places in Brno. Another important monument of Brno is the functionalist Villa Tugendhat. Brno is surrounded by a relatively pleasant nature; one of the especially attractive areas nearby might be the Moravian Karst. The Moravian Gallery is the second largest in the Czech Republic. It is situated in three main buildings. The first building is the Pražák Palace where you can find the permanent exhibition of the Czech art in the 20th century. The second building, The Museum of Applied Arts, presents the most significant works of arts and crafts from the Moravian Gallery’s collection. Finally, in the Governor’s Palace, which is a Baroque building, is a permanent exhibition Six Centuries of European Art with a title Medusa’s Look.
The Brno House of Arts which is oriented to the so-called Eastern Art and as well as to a thematic focus on photography and architecture.
Baron Trenck Gallery Chamber gallery arrange favourite exhibitions for kids and adults - for example easter and advent exhibitions. The Brno City Museum is located on the Špilberk Castle. Part of the museum exhibition is oriented on the development of the castle and Brno. There is also a permanent exhibition, the only one in the Czech Republic, concerning with functionalism. One of the most visited tourist attractions is the well-known Casemates which were once used as a prison.
The Moravian Museum was founded in 1817. It is the oldest and second biggest museum in the Czech Republic. The museum’s collections include 6 millions exhibits from different fields of natural and social sciences.